In the skin tumors infirmary, our medical team uses a non-invasive diagnostic method that monitors the pigmental and non-pigmental lesions of the skin with the aid of dermatoscope.
The structures of individual lesions on the skin are observed with a Dermatoscope device which has the ability to enlarge from 10 to 100 times and allows a detailed analysis of the lesion structure.
In the Polyclinic we use DermLite’s top 3-gen Dermatoscope as well as a digital dermatoscope that allows us to monitor suspicious moles, photograph them and save the images for comparison while checkups.
If there are changes in structure, color, edges or size of the lesion, the patient is sent to surgical excision.
Melanoma makes up 3% of all malignant diseases in Croatia. It develops from melanocyte pigment cells, prone to lymph and hematogenic metastasis, and is considered the most aggressive malignant skin and mucous tumor.
Who has an increased risk of developing melanoma?
- people with a family medical history of melanoma
- people who have already operated melanoma
- people with atypical or dysplastic moles (larger than 0.5 cm in diameter, irregular shape, with several shades of dark colors)
- People with bright bends, light hair, bright eyes, prone to burns, and whose skin isn’t prone to tanning
- people with large birthmarks
- people who have several times suffered from severe sunburns.
Wear protective clothing and head covers, avoid the sun between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m., try to stay in the shade longer, and use sunblock when exposed to sunlight.
In addition to regular dermatologist examinations, it is important to perform regular self-checkups once a month, according to the ABCDEFG protocol:
- A denotes – asymmetry
- B denotes border – neat restriction of the neuralgia of the surrounding skin
- C denotes color – a phenomenon of uneven pigmentation in a previously monochrome mole
- D denotes diameter – an increase of the mole
- E denotes elevation/evolution – thickening, ascending mole
- F denotes feeling – itching or bruising in the area of the nose
- G denotes growth – increase in lesions