Allergic skin diseases are a consequence of a series of specific immunodeficiency hypersensitivities of type I to type IV, involving various organ systems. Allergies usually affect the skin and mucous membranes of the respiratory and digestive system. The development of an allergic reaction stimulates various internal and external factors.
ALLERGIC DISEASES IN DERMATOVENEROLOGY
Urticaria and angioedema: One of the most common allergic skin diseases manifested by the appearance of redness or elevated changes that suddenly develop and disappear and move to other places with the accompanying itching of the skin. They can be acute (shorter than six weeks) and chronic (up to several years).
Anaphylactic shock: Represents the highest form of early allergic reaction (type I reaction) with acute systemic symptom and possible death in case of a fully developed shock. It occurs when the patient has previously been in contact with the appropriate allergen and there is an inadvertent hypersensitivity.
Atopic dermatitis: The word “dermatitis” means skin inflammation. “Atopic” refers to a group of diseases that are inherited and often occur with other diseases, including asthma, allergies at high temperature, and atopic dermatitis. The most common symptoms are dry skin, itching, slits behind the ears and rashes on cheeks, hands, and feet.
Contact allergic dermatitis: Inflammatory dermatitis caused by a late allergic reaction of hypersensitivity that occurs equally in men and women. The causes for its occurrence are numerous, and it occurs after repeated exposure to the substance in question for several months or years. Also, there are times and cases when the reaction occurs at the first contact.
Allergic purpura and vasculitis: Inflammation of small blood vessels, which can cause an abnormal immune reaction. It mostly occurs in small children, but may also affect older children and adults.
Medically (drug) caused rashes are frequent manifestations on the skin and visible mucous membranes, most commonly caused by an allergic reaction of the organism to the active drug used. There are various manifestations on the skin and mucous membranes. Drug hypersensitivity is more common in women and is not related to the age of the patient.
Photoallergic reactions are fairly rare. They occur when UV exposure changes the ingested substance (medicine or preparation), which causes a response from our immune system.
In the MediDerm clinic we perform a PRICK test for nutritional and inhalation allergens, as well as a PATCH test in which, besides the standard 23 allergen series, we also have a series of professional (dental and hairdresser) allergens.