It is possible for most illnesses that occur in adults to occur in children as well! Yet, the clinical presentation is significantly different. Treatment of children’s skin diseases is more complicated due to possible side effects not seen in adults.

In the MediDerm clinic, we gathered professionals who were trained in overseas centers, specializing in various dermatological conditions.

Children’s dermatology is divided into:

  • transient dermatitis of newborns (hyperplasia of the sebaceous gland, Milia, Miliaria)
  • newborn dermatosis (acrodermatitis enteropathica, dermatitis atopica et seborrhoica, scabies, epidermolysis bullos)
  • newborn’s infections (bacterial diseases, fungal infections, viral infections)
  • exemplary childhood diseases (dermatitis glutealis infatum, dermatitis atopica)

THE MOST COMMON CHILDREN’S DISEASES

Atopic dermatitis

The most common pediatric skin disease is atopic dermatitis, a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is genetically conditioned. It is characterized by itching and a typical clinical image that corresponds to the patient’s age and is associated with other atopic diseases such as asthma and allergic rhinitis.

In 80% of cases, the disease occurs before the first year of life and has exacerbation and deterioration phases. In 1/3 of patients, complete remission occurs after the second year of life and in 1/3 of the patients after the fifth year of life.

There are numerous studies that have shown a great influence of nutritional allergens such as cow’s milk, soy, peanut, egg whites and flour to the worsening of the patient’s clinical picture.

In the MediDerm clinic, we perform PRICK tests on nutritional and inhalation allergens and complete diagnostics to detect bacterial allergens that can exacerbate the clinical picture of atopic dermatitis.

Our doctor dr. med. Sanda Perić ŠuŠak completed education at Avene Center in France, where patients with atopic dermatitis were treated and gained great experience in treating this sort of dermatitis. During the examination, our doctor will advise parents and patients about the importance of proper care and nutrition and the wearing of adequate clothing with a minimum amount of allergen.

  • How to recognize atopic dermatitis?

Eczema is manifested by the appearance of redness or bubbles on the skin. Larger or smaller plaques are visible, and their appearance is a good indicator of the stage of the disease: red and moist plaques appear in the beginning, later on, they become thickened, harder and dry. Skin changes occur on the face, body, and extremities.

DRY SKIN is one of the basic signs of atopic dermatitis, and its most unpleasant symptom is itching.

Often, along with the basic inflammation, secondary infections occur, caused by bacteria and viruses, favored by the skin dryness and scarring created due to the itching.

Hemangiomas

These benign and usually self-inflammatory growths from endothelial cells that coat the blood vessels are marked by an increased number of normal or abnormal blood vessels filled with blood. They occur in 2.5% of newborns or 5-10% of children under the age of 1.

Girls are three times more affected by it than boys, but the reason for this is unknown. Most hemangiomas have a growth phase starting between 3rd and 6th month of life and ending between 9th and 12th month of life. Some hemangiomas do not increase. Reduction of hemangioma begins between 12th and 18th month of life and usually ends between the ages of  7 and 10.

Although most hemangiomas are spontaneously withdrawn, sometimes surgical treatment or treatment with propranolol is required, usually in case of large hemangiomas or hemangiomas that can obstruct the airway.

Spitz’s naevus

A type of benign skin lesion that usually occurs in childhood and on the face. This is a special form of complex naevus, where we can notice mythos in the part of the preparation.

Diagnosis is based on the clinical picture and pathohistological findings.

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