One of the most common aesthetic problems for many women is hyperpigmentation. Skin tone is determined by melanin, carotene, and hemoglobin. The main role in this belongs to melanin, so when we talk about pigmentation disorders, we refer to changes in the melanin synthesis. Melanogenesis (melanin synthesis) takes place in special skin cells, known as melanocytes. They are found in the basal epidermis layer.
Pigmentation disorders can be manifested in various clinical images. They can be conditioned by genetic factors or by environmental ones. Due to the extension of the disorder, we differentiate between generalized (diffuse) and localized hyperpigmentation.
Types of hyperpigmentation
Ephelides is a type of hyperpigmentation that is most often developed in people with a light skin tone, in the facial area and upper parts of the body exposed to the sun. It manifests in stains, about 2-5 millimeters big, iregulary shaped. Color varies from yellow to red or brown.
Melasma (chloasma) occurs as a result of genetic factors, hormonal changes and the effects of UV radiation. It occurs in 70% of pregnant women at the end of pregnancy and may spontaneously withdraw, but also have a chronic course. It appears on the forehead, chin, and cheeks. These often symmetrical stains take irregular shape, around the size of a coin.
Lentigo Solaris appears on photo-exposed parts of the body (face, forearm) after the age of 30. It’s characterized by changes in macular brown shades, ranging in size from a few millimeters to 1 centimeter. They tend to increase over time.
A Wood lamp, which helps us determine which skin layer has exaggerated melanin production and a wide range of medical peelings for treating hyperpigmentation are available in our clinic. Our doctors are continually educating themselves and bringing novelties in the treatments from world-class congresses!
A popular treatments for hyperpigmentation are peelings Dermamelan and Cosmelan, made by Mesoestetic. They regulate the melanin synthesis (melanogenesis) by inhibiting the tyrosinase enzyme. It combats hyperpigmentation in only one treatment. There is also 3 Step Peel, Zo Skin Health by Dr. Obagi, which has a few acids. In addition to uniformizing skin colors, this peeling has a powerful anti-aging effect. We suggest the most suitable home treatment to all our patients, to maintain the effects of the treatment.
Don’t forget what is most important in the prevention of hyperpigmentation. A high-protective sunblock should be part of your routine throughout the whole year!